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SHARE Network of Hydrological Observations - Biafo2

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GNSS Station at the Pyramid International Laboratory – Observatory (Khumbu Valley - Nepal)

In 2011, within the framework of the SHARE project a new GPS receiver Leica GRX 1200 + GNSS was installed on a hill near the Pyramid Laboratory. Coordinates: Latitude: 27°57'33.23 Longitude: 86°48'47.14 Elevation: 4994.59 (above the GRS84 Ellipsoid)

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APD - Ground Surface Temperatures (GST)

Ground Surface Temperature (GST) is defined as the near-surface temperature of the ground (bedrock or surficial deposits), measured in the uppermost centimeters of the ground. GST is not a direct proof of permafrost existence but a proxy for estimating potential permafrost presence or absence in the subsurface and can be used for calibrating and validating numerical models. GST has to be distinguished from the Bottom Temperature of Snow cover (BTS), which is the temperature measured at the snow/ground interface in late winter. The APD does not collect raw GST data but the Mean Annual Ground Surface Temperature (MAGST) of a certain depth.

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SHARE Network of Hydrological Observations - Basha

Place: Basha Country: Pakistan Position latitude 3956201 N longitude 535705 E Drainage Area (km2): 1495 Icy Area (km2): 563 Altitude (m a.s.l.): 2460

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SHARE Network of Hydrological Observations - Nepal - Khumbu Valley

This network is composed by the point of observations in the Khumbu Valley: - Changri Nup Glacier - Pheriche

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SHARE Network of Hydrological Observations - Biafo bridge 2012

Survey 2012 Date: 01 giugno 2012 Measure System: salt tracer Q (m3/s): 31,8 q (m3/(s km2)): 0,038

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SHARE Network of Hydrological Observations - Golabital

Place: Golabital, Biaho Lungpa Country: Pakistan Position: latitude 3948402 N longitude 587235 E Drainage Area (km2) :1749 Icy Area (km2): 411069 Altitude (m a.s.l.): 3098

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SHARE Network of Hydrological Observations - Biafo 2013

Survey2013 Biafo 1 Date: 19 aprile 2013 Measure System: salt tracer Q (m3/s: )0,589 q (m3/(s km2)): 0,0007 Date: 24 aprile 2013 Measure System: salt tracer Q (m3/s): 0,997 q (m3/(s km2)): 0,0012 Biafo2 Date: 19 aprile 2013 Measure System: salt tracer Q (m3/s): 0,690 q (m3/(s km2): )0,0008 Date 24 aprile 2013 Measure System: salt tracer Q (m3/s): 0,773 q (m3/(s km2): ): 0,0009 total Date: 19 aprile 2013 Measure System:salt tracer Q (m3/s): 1,279 q (m3/(s km2)): 0,0015 Date 24 aprile 2013 Measure System: salt tracer Q (m3/s): 1,770 q (m3/(s km2)): 0,0021

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SHARE Network of Hydrological Observations - Jula

Place: Jula Country: Pakistan Position: latitude 3949067 N longitude 586695 E Drainage Area (km2): 849 Icy Area (km2): 340,73 Altitude (m a.s.l.): 3148

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SHARE Network of Hydrological Observations - Pheriche Multiparametric probe

The Win-Situ multiparametric probe TROLL 9500 (Water level, water temperature, water conductivity and turbidity) was installed on 2nd July 2012 with the aim of providing a general assessment of quantity and quality of the running water network in Sagarmatha National Park (Dud Koshi basin) with a special focus on the evaluation of the climate change (CC) occurred at local and region level and its possible effects on water availability. From August 2014 the station is powered with photovoltaic system. Geographical coordinates: Latitude: 27° 53' 0.4" N Longitude: 86° 49' 6.3” E Elevation (m): 4222 Water Level: - Accuracy: ±0.05% FS; Range: 15 psi Water temperature: - Accuracy::±0.1°C; Range:-5°C ÷ +50°C; Methodology: EPA 170.1 Conductivity: -Accuracy::±5%; Methodology: Std.Mthds. 2510, EPA 120.1 Turbidity: -Accuracy::±5% or 2 NTU; Range:0 NTU ÷ 2000 NTU; Methodology: ISO 7027

Metadata